The Bank Centrale de Luxembourg have issued a new €2 coin celebrating the 125th anniversary of the Grand Duchy’s Royal dynasty, the Royal House of Nassau-Weilbourg, as well as the Grand Duchy’s independence from the Netherlands.
Luxembourg’s Ruling House is effectively a branch of the greater House of Nassau, a diversified aristocratic dynasty in Europe who ruled a division of the County of Nassau from 1344 to 1806. The region under their authority was formerly part of the Holy Roman Empire, and is now part of Germany. With the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire, the dynasty’s former territories joined the Confederation of the Rhine as the unified Duchy of Nassau. After being occupied and annexed into the Kingdom of Prussia in 1866, the Dynasty, who lost the territory of Nassau, were compensated with the territory of Luxembourg as part of a personal union with the Netherlands, under the House of Orange-Nassau and its king.
After the death of the Dutch King Willem III in 1890, Luxembourg dissolved their union, since Willem III was succeeded by his 10-year-old daughter, Queen Wilhelmina, and the throne of Luxembourg did not allow for the succession of females. Luxembourg thus became an independent state. Its new sovereign was Grand Duke Adolphe (1817 – 1905), the son of the last Duke of Nassau. He was in turn succeeded by his son William; upon William’s death, the throne passed to his elder daughter Marie Adelaide, avoiding a succession crisis.
Grand Duchess Charlotte (1896 – 1985), the country’s second female sovereign, succeeded her sister in 1919 and married Prince Felix of Bourbon-Parma (1893 – 1970). Since her death, the House of Nassau-Weilburg became extinct in the male line and has in effect become a cadet branch in the male line of the House of Bourbon-Parma. Charlotte abdicated in 1964 and was succeeded by her eldest son, Grand Duke Jean, who in turn abdicated to his eldest son, the Current Grand Duke Henri.
The coin, produced by the Royal Dutch Mint, includes portraits of all serving Luxembourg heads of state since independence, with a larger portrait of the current Grand Duke Henri placed to the left side of the principal design. The reverse depicts the current design for all 2 EURO coins issued within the euro-zone.
The two-euro Proof examples are only available as part of the 2015 set. The BU strike coin is enclosed in a presentation card and available as a single product. The Uncirculated strike coins are available in rolls.
For more information on this and other coins issued by the Banque Centrale de Luxembourg, please visit their Web site. Information is offered in English, German, and French. All of the items can also be ordered by fax (+352.4774.4994) or email (). International orders with be dispatched where applicable.