The National Bank of Slovakia have launched their latest gold coin which pays homage to the Kings who were crowned on Slovakian soil during the days of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. This year’s coin marks the 300th anniversary of the coronation of Charles III (r. 1711 – 1740).
In the early years of the 16th century, Hungary was consistently threatened by raids from the Turks. After the Turkish occupation of the capital Buda, the Hungarian Parliament decided in 1536 that the new capital and coronation city of Hungary would be Pressburg (today’s Bratislava). From 1563 to 1830, a total of 11 rulers and 8 royal wives were crowned in the gothic St. Martin’s Cathedral. When the Emperor Joseph I died, Charles became the sole male descendent of the Habsburg dynasty by succeeding his brother. He returned to Vienna from Spain and en route, he was crowned Holy Roman Emperor at Frankfurt am Main on 24 December 1711. The Emperor Charles VI was also King of Hungary as Charles III. His coronation as the Hungarian king was preceded by a session of the Diet of Hungary in Pressburg, which did not immediately give its ascent to the succession. Only after months of negotiations and only after Charles pledged to fulfill the conditions laid down by the Hungarian nobility did the Diet approve the coronation, setting the date for 22 May 1712. During a reign of almost thirty years, Charles III rarely returned to Pressburg. Much of his time was taken up with fighting battles in southern Hungary and performing official duties in Vienna. One of his most well-known acts was to issue the Pragmatic Sanction act, an edict of 1713 that established the indivisibility of the Hapsburg Monarchy and a new order of succession, allowing a daughter to accede to the throne, and the first girl to do so would be the Empress Maria Theresa (r. 1740 – 1780). She succeeded her father as Queen of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia and Archduchess of Austria.
The coin, struck by the Kremnica Mint, is the work of artist Karol Ličko and includes a detailed portrait of Charles III on the obverse along with the Hungarian royal crown and an early depiction of Bratislava Castle. In the upper part of the design is the text “KORUNOVÁCIA KAROLA III” (Coronation Of Charles III) and in the lower part the text “BRATISLAVA” and the coronation year “1712”.
The reverse depicts the coronation procession and Bratislava architectural landmarks associated with the coronation – the Vienna Gate of Bratislava Castle, the steeple of St Martin’s Cathedral, and the tower of the Old Town Hall. On the left side of the design, the national emblem of the Slovak Republic is seen on the lower half and the denomination is in the upper half with “100” positioned above “EURO”. The country name “SLOVENSKO” appears along the right-half edge, above the year “2012”. Below the year is the mintmark of the Kremnica Mint and the stylized initials of the coin’s designer.
Struck in .900 fine gold to proof quality, the coin has a weight of 9.5 grams and a diameter of 26 mm. A mintage of 5,200 pieces has been authorized. For more information on this and other coins on offer from the Kremnica Mint, please visit their website at: http://www.mint.sk/ International orders fulfilled – information offered in English.