The Banca Nationala’ a Romaniei has issued (1st December) a new commemorative banknote which is in tribute to the country’s year-long celebration
The Great Union of all Romanians was made official on the 1st December 1918, when all of the 1228 duly appointed representatives’ signatures were placed on the Resolution of the National Assembly in Alba Iulia. The choice of Alba Iulia as the place of the Great Assembly was not by chance, though the city of Sibiu, which was seen as the cultural capital of the Transylvanian Romanians (and even Blaj), was also under discussion. However, Alba Iulia was an important location during the revolution of 1848-1849 and the first capital of the Romanians when Mihai Viteazul, Prince of Moldavia and de facto ruler of Transylvania, managed to unite for the first time the three Romanian regions of Wallachia, Transylvania, and Moldova in 1599. The ceremony was
Almost four years later, the coronation of King Ferdinand and Queen Marie of Romania was poignantly held in the specially constructed Coronation Cathedral in Alba Iulia on the 15th October 1922. The couple had succeeded to the throne on the 10th October 1914, but the formal coronation had been delayed until after the fighting ended and Romania gained more territory. The ceremony was conducted by the Metropolitan of All Romania, but it was not performed inside the cathedral. The king, still a Roman Catholic after his accession, would not be crowned by a member of the Eastern Orthodox Church, and thus placed his crown on his own head, before crowning the queen who had knelt before him. Symbolically, the design of Queen Marie’s crown was inspired by that of Despina, the wife of 16th-century Wallachian ruler Neagoe Basarab, and was crafted entirely out of Transylvanian gold.
The new banknotes are produced using a combination of engraved and off-set processes on a polymer substrate by the National Bank Printing Company at their facilities in Bucharest. The banknote has the following dimensions of 147 by 82 millimeters with a predominant colour of blue and a transparent window as part of the design and security feature.
The face side of the banknote depicts, on the right side, portraits of King Ferdinand I and Queen Marie with the text REGELE FERDINAND I 1865-1927 and REGINA MARIA 1875-1938 placed below, and is arranged with two lines. In the centre is an image depicting the Great National Assembly in Alba Iulia, which took place on the 1st December 1918. The coat of arms of Romania is placed to the upper left side with the name of the issuing central bank BANCA NAȚIONALĂ A ROMÂNIEI placed in the upper half horizontally. Below this is the NBR logo in a medallion, and further down are the commemorative years 1918-2018. The face value is printed in two lines, LEI UNA SUTĂ, and is shown in the lower right corner and vertically in letters, UNA SUTĂ LEI, and in the upper right corner, vertically, in figures 100. The date of the banknote being released into circulation is 1 DECEMBRIE 2018 and is printed vertically on the right side.
The back side of the banknote features an image of the arrival of the royal cortege in Bucharest on the 1st December 1918, along with part of the mace of King Ferdinand I, together with four women in folk costumes typical of each new united Romanian province of Bessarabia, Romania, Transylvania, and Bukovina. The name of the issuing central bank BANCA NAȚIONALĂ A ROMÂNIEI is placed in the upper half above the primary motif horizontally and the NBR logo, which is printed in the upper right corner and in the lower left corner. The face value is printed vertically in the upper left corner and horizontally in the lower right corner in figures 100 and horizontally in the lower left corner in letters UNA SUTĂ LEI. The serial number of the banknote is printed in letters and numerals in red and black ink and is positioned on the left side horizontally.
Security features include a transparent window that features the portraits of King Ferdinand I and Queen Marie. The text ROMÂNIA 100, a stylised flower, and portraits of the royal couple are applied into an integrated vertical band of variable colour whose colour changes when held against the light.
A watermark in the design of the mace of King Ferdinand I and the NBR logo is placed on the left side viewed from the face and is visible when held up to the light.
See-thru micro-text can be seen on the magnetic security thread that reads 1 DECEMBRIE 1918 1 DECEMBRIE 2018.
A colour-shifting ink application used on the text LEI UNA SUTĂ, which changes from golden to green when the banknote is tilted, is shown on the face.
A latent image application of the mace of King Ferdinand I and the numeral 100 becomes visible when the banknote is tilted and seen on the back.
An aligned image application depicting part of the “Mihai Viteazul” Military Order, introduced by King Ferdinand I in recognition of the acts of bravery during World War I, is shown on both the face and back. The complete image becomes visible when the note is held up to the light.
A laser micro-perforation application in the shape of the face value 100 is placed vertically in the central area.
This commemorative banknote has an issue of 10,000, for additional information on these banknotes and others issued by the National Bank of Romania, please visit their website.