The People’s Bank of China has released three new collector coins marking the 70th anniversary of the “War Against Fascism” fought against Imperial Japanese forces starting in 1931 and lasting fourteen years until the conclusion of World War II in 1945.
The struggle is said to have begun in 1931, when Imperial Japanese forces seized control of the northeastern geographic region of Manchuria and created a new puppet-state under the leadership of China’s last Emperor Pi-Yi of the Qing dynasty, whose origins were Manchurian. In 1933, the League of Nations declared that Manchuria, now re-named the Kingdom of Manchukuo, was an integral part of China and neglected to recognize the new monarchy—nor was the state recognized by the United States or Great Britain.
The majority of the population consisted mainly of Han Chinese and ethnic Manchurians; within months it was obvious to the population that they would be relegated to a second class status in their own country as the pro-Japanese government had implemented many decrees which gave favor to Japanese culture, laws, and the language. It is from this platform which Imperial Japanese forces launched their invasion of a much weaker China in 1939. The state of Manchukuo was dissolved in August 1945 after Soviet forces invaded. The territory was eventually returned to China in 1946.
The National Revolutionary Army of China, with support of Soviet forces, led the resistance to the Japanese army along with forces of the Communist party of China, which were eventually integrated into the forces of the National Revolutionary Army. Toward the end of 1945, the latter eventually separated from the National Revolutionary forces to form the People’s Liberation Army, which was loyal to Mao Tse Tung. The National Revolutionary Army then formed the Republic of China Armed Forces, which were loyal to the government of Chang Kai Shek. The People’s Liberation Army eventually gained control of Mainland China under the leadership of Mao Tse Tung in 1949, with the government of Chang Kai Shek retreating to the island of Taiwan. The two countries have been separate ever since.
10 Yuan: The obverse design includes depictions of soldiers of the era standing before the Great Wall. A shoreline with waves is also included in the design. The numeral 70 is superimposed over the primary design with the years 1945-2015 placed just under the numeral. The text CHINESE PEOPLE’S ANTI-JAPANESE WAR and the WORLD ANTI-FASCIST WAR 70th ANNIVERSARY is positioned towards the left half in three lines.
50 Yuan: This design shows five doves in flight against the letter V for victory. The numeral 70 is superimposed over the primary design, with the years 1945-2015 placed just under the numeral. The text CHINESE PEOPLE’S ANTI-JAPANESE WAR and the WORLD ANTI-FASCIST WAR 70th ANNIVERSARY is positioned towards the left half in three lines.
100 Yuan: The design includes a depiction of a soldier from the Eighth Route Army sounding the call to confront Imperial forces on Pagoda Hill, along with a depiction of the Ya’an River. The numeral 70 is superimposed over the primary design, with the years 1945-2015 placed just under the numeral. The text CHINESE PEOPLE’S ANTI-JAPANESE WAR and the WORLD ANTI-FASCIST WAR 70th ANNIVERSARY is positioned along the upper edge of the coin.
All coins share a common reverse of the Chinese national state emblem, with the text CHINESE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC and the year of issue below the emblem. The coins are produced by the Shenzhen Guobao Mint Company, the Shenyang Mint, and Shanghai Mint Company on behalf of the People’s Bank of China.
|10 Yuan||.999 silver||31.1 grams||40 mm.||Proof||100,000 pieces|
|50 Yuan||.999 silver||155.52 grams||70 mm.||Proof||5,000 pieces|
|100 Yuan||.999 gold||7.77 grams||22 mm.||Proof||50,000 pieces|
A commemorative nickel-clad coin with a denomination of 1 Yuan will also be issued into general circulation with a diameter of 25 mm. and a mintage of 500 million pieces. For more information on these and other coins issued by the People’s Bank of China, please visit the Web site of the China Gold Coin Corporation or e-mail their offices at: . The CGCC does not sell collector coins directly to the public.