At a meeting held on July 18, 2013, the Commission of Fine Arts (CFA) reviewed the design candidates provided by the United States Mint for the reverse of the 2014 Native American Dollar. This will mark the sixth year of the ongoing series featuring annually rotating reverse designs which recognize the accomplishments and contributions of Native Americans.
The Native American $1 Coin Program was authorized under Public Law 110-82 and began in 2009 with an agriculture theme depicting the “Three Sisters” method of planting. This was followed in 2010 by a theme of government with a design representative of the Haudenosaunee or Iroquois Confederacy, and in 2011 by a theme of diplomacy with a depiction of the first written peace treaty between Native Americans and the European settlers at Plymouth. For 2012, the design commemorated the trade routes that helped spread the horse in 17th Century. For 2013, the design commemorates the Delaware Treaty of 1778, which was the first written treaty between the new United States and a Native American tribe.
For each year of the program, a common obverse design has been used featuring the Glenna Goodacre rendition of Sacagawea and child. This design was used for the previous Sacagawea Dollar series from 2000 to 2008.
The theme for the 2014 Native American Dollar will be Native American hospitality for the Lewis and Clark expedition. Seven different design candidates for this theme were provided by the United States Mint. Some of the designs depicted the hospitality with images of Native Americans offering horses or provisions. Others took a more specific focus such as a depiction of the friendship and mutual respect that developed between CaptainLewis and Mandan Chief Posecopsahe, and Chief Cameahwait recommending to Captain Lewis an alternate land route to cross the Rocky Mountains. One design candidate includes an image of Sacagawea shown carrying a basket of corn to barter for items belonging to the expedition.
From the provided reverse design candidates, the CFA recommended alternative #6 featuring Chief Cameahwait recommending the alternate route to Captain Lewis. The Commission members chose this design due to its strong narrative about sharing knowledge, a compelling contribution to the success of the expedition. They did recommend adding a straight horizon line to the background to improve the legibility of the composition.
The authority to make the final design selection rests with the Secretary of the Treasury who will consider the recommendation of the CFA, as well as the U.S. Senate Committee on Indian Affairs, the Congressional Native American Caucus of the U.S. House of Representatives, the National Congress of American Indians, and the Citizens Coinage Advisory Committee
Each of the reverse design candidates provided by the United States Mint for the 2014 Native American Dollar are shown below.